Education & Training

Education2.jpgThe growing increase in the number of the students in the Southern provinces that reached ? is considered an indicator testifying to the importance that the State attaches to the educational sector, so much so as the number of students did not exceed a few hundreds back in 1975.

On the other hand, this huge rise in the number of students reflects the effective efforts and plans of the Moroccan government in the educational field in the Southern provinces since they regained independence. Out of concern for sustainable development in education, the Moroccan government has made sure the educational system is in sync with the deeply-ingrained Islamic values and traditions, which represent  a strong bond that ties the different Sahara tribes to the whole Moroccan community  throughout Morocco.

On the grounds of these major objectives, Arabic is used as the teaching vehicle and all curricula and syllabi have been unified. Besides, the Moroccan authorities have insisted since the return of the Southern territories to Morocco on providing a seat to each single pupil aged six. This initiative has required the sustained intervention on the State in view of the increasing number of students at this age group.

The right to education has also been speeded up in good conditions so as to allow the children at schooling age to join schools, and also to allow the youth who have never enrolled or have dropped out to have access to vocational training.

Thanks to this training, the Southern provinces have been able to meet the local needs in terms of qualified staff to implement the plans of sustainable human development. In order to reach the objectives of the educational sector, a lot of efforts have been made to upgrade the infrastructure and put in the huge necessary human and material resources. The broad lines of this operation included the construction of schools, the provision of equipment and the guaranteeing of equal opportunities in education.

The educational sector in Laayoune:

Table showing educational institutions
Public sector:


Number of institutions

Number of students

Teaching staff

Fundamental Education

47 27.179


Junior secondary school 11 13.313 480
Total 58 40.492 1.315
Qualifying secondary school 07 6.732 324
Overall total 65 47.224 1.639

The private sector:

Type of education 


Traditional education 21
Modern education  154
Total  175

 Distribution of students per areas


Overall number of students

Percentage of girls in the overall number

Urban areas  6931 3224
Rural areas 174  66
Total  7105  3290

Education in Oued-Eddahab- Lagouira Region

1- Primary education in the public and private sectors

The number of pupils enrolled in Oued-Eddahab- Lagouira Region in primary education in both the public and the private sectors for the year 2002-2003 reached 9094, that is an increase of 8%. The following tables present the distribution of students per sex and age as well as the percentage of schooling.

Table presenting numbers of students par age in the region (public and private sectors)

Type of education


Number of students   

Number of students 

Number of students

Male  Female  Total
Primary  4569  4284  8853
Primary  134  107  241
Total   4703  4391  9094

Table presenting students per sex in the rural areas


Type of education Cycle  Male  Female  Total
Public  Primary    55  57  112

Table presenting schooling rates

Age group


6 years
6 - 11 years 97 

2- Junior secondary school

3- The number of pupils enrolled in the Junior secondary school in the Oued-Eddahab- Lagouira Region for the year 2003-2004 2164 pupils, that is an increase of 5%. The number of girls reached 955, that is an increase 6%. The rate of schooling of the 12-14 years age group amounted to 59%.

Table showing the trend of the students in the junior secondary level per sex:




Male  1156  1209
Female  904  955
Total  2060  2164

Education3.jpg4- Qualifying secondary education

The general and technical qualifying secondary education is an important part of the educational system because it the transitional period between the junior secondary and the university level. It prepares the students to both better pursue their studies and better integrate the job market.
The number of the students in the qualifying secondary education with all its kinds (general and original) has reached 1306, that is an increase of 14% compared to the figures of the academic year 2001-2002. Depending on the type of education, there are 1256 students in the general education and 50 students in the original one. The number of classes in this cycle amounts to 39.

Table showing the trend of the students in the qualifying secondary level per sex:




Male  615  710
Female  530  596
Total  1145  1306

On the other hand, the number of candidates for the baccalaureate exam in the second year across the board has reached 423. The rate of success was around 45%, that is 189 students. The following table shows the results as well as the rate of success per major.

Table of the baccalaureate results per major and sex , June 2003

Education in Goulmim-Smara Region:
As development is hard to achieve in an illiterate society, a lot of emphasis has been put mainly on the educational sector. In view of the huge deficiency that could be witnessed in this sector upon the return of these region to mainland, because the whole infrastructure at that point in time in 1975 was no more than two rooms in the deteriorated building with no more than 65 students, while the overall number of students today has reached11,501.
The educational policy of the State has been geared sine 1975 towards providing a seat to each pupil at schooling age; to reach this objective, a lot of human and material resources have raised to lay the foundations of an education that keeps with the aspirations and meets the educational and cultural needs.

 Primary education




Growth rate %

Number of institutions 774  738  1.14
Number of rooms 811  830  2.29
Number of pupils enrolled 19007  18771  -1.25 
Number of rooms 831  830  -0.12
Number of teachers
835  832  -0.36

General primary education




Growth rate% 
Total  Rural  Total  Rural 
institutions 156  85  158  87  1.27 
Pupils 71260  24834  69766  24414  -2.14 
Rooms 2585  1215  2581  1214  -0.15
Teachers 2807  1269  2965  1268  5.32 



Growth rate% 
Total  Rural  Total  Rural 
institutions 6 0 8 0 25
Pupils 1064 0 1297 0 18
Rooms 53 0 59 0 10.16
Teachers 66 0 69 0 4.34 

Public Junior secondary education



Growth rate% 
Total  Rural  Total  Rural 
institutions 33 36 8 8.33
Pupils 28422 5607 30589 6324 7.08
Rooms 725 158 790 169 8.22
Teachers 1252 269  1225 250 2.20

Private Junior secondary education



Growth rate% 
Total  Rural  Total  Rural 
institutions 1 0 1 0 0
Pupils 60 0 83 0 28.75
Rooms 4 0 5 0 2
Teachers 10 0 12 0 16.66

Public qualifying secondary education



Growth rate% 
Total  Rural  Total  Rural 
institutions 21 4 22 4 4.54
Pupils 14554 1428 15435 1711 5.7
Rooms 376 45 410 51 8.29
Teachers 775 85 673 60 -0.5


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